Masana'antu Labarai

An yi a ciki Cha cikia: menene ne happena cikig?

2019-09-19
A cikin duniyar yau, an fara sabon ginin masana'antu: Amurka tana matsa lamba don dawo da masana'antun ƙwararrun kayayyaki, kuma Jamus ta mai da hankali kan gina 4.0. A matsayinta na kasa mai masana'antu, kasar Sin ta ƙaddamar da shirin "wanda aka yi a China 2025" ...
Canza sabuwar masana'anta ce: Intanet ta wayar salula a kan tsarin kasuwanci na takaddama kuma a lokaci guda, kuma suna canzawa har ma da yanayin masana'antar ƙeta, manyan dama da haɗari don ɗauke shi.
Masu ba da rahoto sun ji a cikin binciken ƙungiyar kayan aikin shenyang, kawai suna hanzarta hanzarta inganta ci gaba na ci gaba da inganta ƙungiyar, don yin amfani da damar a gasar, guje wa haɗari, don haɓaka da haɓaka abin da aka yi a cikin Sin a tsarin rarraba ma'aikata na duniya a cikin mafi girman matsayi.
Kashe bangarorin biyu
Kasuwancin kayan aikin injuna na kasar Sin suna fuskantar sabon tashin hankali. Tallace-tallace a cikin zhejiang cixi na kayan lantarki na lantarki., LTD., Babban manajan RongYiQun ya sami matsala mai wahala: idan amfani da injin da aka saba yi a gida, kayan aikin injin kowannensu ya yi aiki, aikin gida shine yuan 16 a kowace awa, aƙalla yuan 3000 Watanni, da kuma kudu maso gabashin Asiya irin su albashin ma'aikatan Vietnam ne kawai yuan 700 zuwa 800 yuan. Matsakaicin kayan aikin injin bai isa daidai ba, kuma farashin kwadago yana karuwa, "babu canji a cikin shekaru biyar, kuma ni da ma'aikata zan koma gida!"
Rikici, RongYiQun ya zaɓi injin mai hankali: "na'ura mai hankali, aiki mai sauƙi, daidaitaccen aiki, ma'aikaci na iya yin amfani da kayan aikin injin, 4 a kowace mashin a kowace sa'a na kwadago har zuwa $ 4, ɗan kwadago ya kusan 900 yuan a wata."
Kayan aikin injin din cikin gida ba zai dawwama ba, kuma shigo da kayan aikin injin din CNC mai mahimmanci, musamman kayan aikin injin din CNC na kasashen waje, ya tashi sosai. A cikin masana'antar kayan aiki na shenyang, alal misali, a cikin 2014 ƙarancin injin din birin na yau da kullun akan tallace-tallace daga 250 a cikin 2011 zuwa kusan injin 50, aikin hawan radial, daga 2000 zuwa 200.
Literaya daga cikin lita ɗaya da digo yana nuna wahalar da China ke fuskanta.
Gasar masana'antu ta duniya da ta gabata, kasashen yamma suna la’akari da matsaloli kamar amfani da albarkatu da tsadar mutum, bincike da zane kan gida, hanyar canja hanyar masana'antu zuwa waje. A cikin sabon zagaye na gasa, kasashen da suka ci gaba sun fara hanzarta aiwatar da masana'antar ta dawo da sabbin dabarun gida, don dogaro da roba mai sauye sauye kayan sarrafa kayan masarufi, + albarkatu da matsin lamba na kayan aiki.
"U.S. r & d, masana'antu na Amurka, da tallace-tallace a China don magance harajin ayyukansu kuma suna ci gaba da kiyaye jagorancin masana'antu a duniya." Masanin da ya damu da tunani yana zaton, daga makarantar koyon aikin injiniya a cikin sabon zagaye na juyin juya halin fasaha da farfado da masana'antu, ci gaban masana'antar masana'antu ta kasar Sin yana fuskantar bayan samun fa'ida a cikin kasashe masu tasowa da tattalin arzikin da ke shigowa.
Masana'antu a kasar Sin na fuskantar wasu sabbin gwaje-gwaje: hauhawar farashin kwadago da raguwar yawan masu aiki; Darajoji sun yi ƙasa kuma yawancin kamfanoni masu lalacewa suna cikin haɗarin kawar da su. Babban fasahar ta dade tana karkashin ikon mutane ...
"Ci gaban zamantakewar al'umma da tattalin arziki a cikin bincike na karshe ya dogara da masana'antu. Don katse yanayin da ake ciki, ya zama dole a karfafa goyon bayan dabarun samar da kayayyaki, hanzarta kirkirar fasaha da basira, sanarwa, samar da wani zagaye na samar da canjin masana'antu." Lin huo, darektan cibiyar koyon fasahar kimiyya ta Shenyang ya ce.
"Yawaitar matsalar tattalin arzikin duniya a shekara ta 2008, tattalin arzikin duniya, makullin ba a sami goyon bayan masana'antu mai karfi ba. Babban masana'antu, a karshe zai zama tattalin arzikin duniya daga inuwar matsalar kudi ta duniya, muhimmiyar tallafi ga mai zuwa. zagayowar hauhawar tattalin arziki, wacce masana'antar China ce ke hanzarta kawo sauyi ma'anar. "